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Gad

GAD, gad (... gadh), 'fortune': ...II. That there was a form of Canaanitish idolatry adopted by some Hebrews, in which a fortune-god was worshiped under the name of Gad, is attested by Isaiah (65 11); ARV mg. 'Gad'. The name of this fortune-god appears also in such compounds as Baal-gad (Jos 11 17, 12 7, 13 5) and Migdal-gad (Jos 15 37). It is probably that in Leah's naming of her maid's son 'Gad' (Gn 30 11) there is a trace of the worship of this deity.

TROOP: Apart from its strict military sence, this term appears in AV for: (1) gadh, the name for the god of 'fortune' (Gn 30 11, 'fortunate' RV = Heb. 'with fortune'). In Is 65 11 (RV 'fortune'), it is the name of the Phenician and Aramaic god.

FORTUNE: In Is 65 11 a doom is pronounced on those "that prepare a table unto Fortune [for that troop AV] and that fill up mingled wine unto 'Destiny'." The Heb. term is gadh, which was the name of an Aramaic deity, the god of good fortune ... The tribal name Gad was probably due to some ancient (pre-Mosaic) worship of this deity among Israel's ancestors, E.E.N. (Edward E. Nourse, S.T.B., D.D., Professor of Hebrew and Greek, Hartford Theoloogical Seminary, Hatford, Conn.)

SEMITIC RELIGION: ... 22. Gad. Gad was the name of the god of fortune from which the tribal name was probably derived (Gn 30 11). In Is 65 11 popitiatory offerings are spoken of as presented to him and to Destiny, instead of to J", on Mt. Zion. Of the special shrines or rites we know nothing; but the name is found of that of a deity in Phenician, Aramaic, Arabic, and Assyian. A New Standard Bible Dictionary Funk & Wagnalls Company, New York and London, 1936, pgs. 279, 225, 277, 823-824.